Citing Hypothesis Annotations

General citation guidance

Though we do not have any formal guidance on the proper way to cite a Hypothesis annotation as a source in a research paper, we recommend including the following annotation information at a minimum:

  • Full name of annotator (if known)
  • Hypothesis username
  • Date of annotation
  • First 20 words of the annotation
  • URL of annotation

You can find the URL of an annotation by clicking the Share icon in the bottom-right corner of the annotation card.

Location of Share icon to generate the annotation URL

If you have a recommended format for citing Twitter posts, this same format will almost always serve a Hypothesis annotation well.

Example citations

Chicago Manual of Style


Lastname, Firstname (Hypothesis username). Year. “Full text of the annotation up to 20 words.” Hypothesis annotation, Month day, year. URL.


Dricker, Matt (dricker). 2022. “Suggestion for citing Hypothesis annotations using the Chicago style.” Hypothesis annotation, February 22, 2022.

APA style


Author last name, First initial. [Hypothesis user name]. (Year, Month Day). Full text of the annotation up to 20 words [annotation]. Hypothesis. URL


Dricker, M. [dricker] (2022, February 22). Suggestion for citing Hypothesis annotations using the Chicago style [annotation]. Hypothesis.

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